Rimbaud, Arthur


Rimbaud, Arthur
(1854-1891)
   poet
   Born in Charleville, Arthur Rimbaud, a poet of the symbolist school, is the subject of a perennial mythology. over the image of a precocious genius (he wrote verse at age 10) is superimposed that of an adventurer who, abandoning literature, threw himself into affairs, the details of which are little known, although he always tried to cultivate such an image. An early virtuoso of Latin verse, Rimbaud wrote his first French poem, Les Étrennes des orphelins, in 1869. The friendship that he began in 1870 with his French literature professor, G. izam-bard, was then decisive; he discovered especially françois rabelais, victor hugo, and théodore de Banville. Disturbed by the French declaration of war against Russia in 1870 (then later by the defeat of the Paris commune in 1871), Rimbaud attempted several visits to Paris, each of which ended with his return to Charleville. His poetry at that time shows his feeling against the war (Le Dormeur du val, 1870), against power (L'Orgie parisienne ou Paris se repeuple, 1871), and the clergy (Les premières Communions, 1871). At this point he developed a radical esthetic, particularly apparent in his Lettre du voyant (1871), in which he seeks to break with all traditional poetic forms. His works and ideas so impressed paul verlaine that he invited him to Paris, where Rimbaud attended many meeting of the Cercle Zutique, an avant-garde poetry group. His liaison with Verlaine, which was often stormy, was carried on in Belgium, London, then back to Brussels, where the relationship climaxed with verlaine twice attempting to take the life of the younger poet, wounding him seriously (July 1873). Rimbaud wrote an allegorical account of this in Une Saison en enfer that, along with Illuminations, constitutes his literary testament and marks his entrance into modernity. A series of visits followed to Germany, switzerland, and italy, then after 1878 to North Africa, where he worked as a trader (1880). Rimbaud then went to Egypt, Aden, and Ethiopia. verlaine, believing Rimbaud was no longer alive, published Illuminations (1886), which contains the famous Sonnet des voyelles, in which each of the five vowels is associated with a different color. In 1891, Rimbaud returned to France for medical treatment and died in Marseille.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rimbaud, Arthur — ▪ French poet Introduction in full  Jean Nicolas Arthur Rimbaud   born Oct. 20, 1854, Charleville, France died Nov. 10, 1891, Marseille  French poet and adventurer who won renown among the Symbolist movement and markedly influenced modern poetry …   Universalium

  • Rimbaud, Arthur —    See Verlaine, Paul …   Historical Dictionary of Brussels

  • Rimbaud, Arthur — ► (1854 91) Poeta simbolista francés. Violento e irritable, dejó de escribir a los diecinueve años y, hastiado de los hombres y de los libros, se dedicó a viajar y fue traficante de armas y marfil en Abisinia. Ha influido considerablemente en la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rimbaud — Rimbaud, Arthur …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rimbaud — Arthur Rimbaud Arthur Rimbaud Rimbaud âgé de 17 ans, en 1871 (portrait par Carjat) Nom de naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arthur Rimbaud — Retrato de Arthur Rimbaud en 1871. Nombre completo Jean Nicolas Arthur Rimbaud Nacimiento 20 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Arthur Rimbaud — Rimbaud redirects here. For other uses see Rimbaud (disambiguation) Jean Nicolas Arthur Rimbaud (pronEng|ræm boʊ; or in French IPA2|aʁtyʁ ʁɛ̃ˈbo) (20 October 1854 – 10 November 1891) was a French poet, born in Charleville. As part of the decadent …   Wikipedia

  • Arthur Rimbaud — Arthur Rimbaud. Jean Nicolas Arthur Rimbaud (* 20. Oktober 1854 in Charleville; † 10. November 1891 in Marseille) war ein französischer Dichter, Abenteurer und Geschäftsmann. Heute gilt er als einer der Großen der französischen Lyrik.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rimbaud — (Arthur) (1854 1891) poète français. Brillant élève au collège de Charleville, mais étouffé par l autorité de sa mère, il fait plusieurs fugues (en 1870 et en 1871). Ses poèmes de forme régulière (1870) montrent un adolescent vagabond , tendre… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Arthur Rimbaud — « Rimbaud » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Rimbaud (homonymie). Arthur Rimbaud …   Wikipédia en Français


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